A breast X-ray is called a Mammography. Women with or without breast complaints (such as a lump, discomfort, or nipple discharge) may use it to identify and diagnose breast illness. Breast malignancies, benign tumors, and cysts may be diagnosed with the method long before they are felt by palpation (touch).
Although mammography cannot definitively diagnose cancer, it may lead to a higher suspicion of the disease, which can lead to a biopsy being performed. Cancer may be diagnosed by microscopic examination of tissue samples obtained through either needle or open surgical biopsy.
How many distinct kinds of mammography are there?
The National Cancer Institute reports that:
To perform mammography for diagnostic purposes. When a woman has no symptoms of breast cancer, she may benefit from screening mammography, which is an X-ray of the breast used to identify abnormalities in the breast. In most cases, two separate breast X-rays will be taken. It is possible to discover a tumor that is not currently causing any symptoms with the use of mammography.
Mammography for diagnosis. Breast abnormalities, such as a lump, soreness, nipple thickening or discharge, or a change in breast size or form, may be diagnosed by an X-ray called diagnostic mammography. Abnormalities seen on screening mammography are additionally evaluated with a diagnostic mammogram. It is a fundamental diagnostic tool and may be used in the evaluation of breast alterations in women of any age.
Screening mammography may also be used to diagnose breast cancer. If a woman is over the age of 30 and is experiencing symptoms such as a palpable lump, thickening or indentation of the breast skin, discharge from the nipple, nipple retraction, nipple erosive sore, or breast discomfort, she should have a diagnostic mammogram. When a breast discomfort evaluation based on a physical exam and patient history is inconclusive, mammography may be performed. Mammography may be used as an alternative to physical examination for women with thick, “lumpy,” and/or extremely big breasts.
Mammograms may be used as part of a regular screening program for women who are at high risk for breast cancer or who have a family history of the disease. Your doctor may also suggest a mammogram for other reasons. Get in touch with Neptune Diagnostics, Ghatkopar East, Mumbai for a hassle-free mammography procedure.