what is the difference between mammography and breast ultrasound?

mammography and breast ultrasound center In Ghatkopar

The most important thing in the fight against breast cancer is early detection. Two important instruments in this fight are mammography and breast ultrasound. While both play a key role in breast health, they have different roles and functions. Let’s look at the key differences between them, including when each procedure might be recommended.

Mammography: X-Ray Vision for Breast Tissue

Mammography uses small doses of X-rays to produce detailed images of breast tissue. During the procedure, an advanced technologist places each breast between two plates and applies brief radiation to the tissue to generate clear images.

The procedure of mammography X-ray:

The procedure of mammography and sonography involves every step:

Screening: It is recommended that women, especially those over 40, be screened regularly to detect any abnormalities before symptoms become apparent.

Diagnosis: Used to examine a lump, nipple discharge, or other breast change found during a physical examination.

Monitoring:  It can monitor the progress of existing breast conditions.

Advantages of Mammography:
  1. Effective in the detection of calcifications, which are a possible early sign of cancer.
  2. It is widely available and a relatively quick procedure.
Disadvantages of Mammography:
  1. X-rays are associated with a small amount of exposure to radiation.
  2. Dense breast tissue can obscure any abnormalities, which can lead to false negative results.
  3. Breast compression may cause discomfort.

Breast Ultrasound: Get a closer look with real-time imaging

Breast ultrasound produces detailed images of the internal structure of the breast using high-frequency sound waves. During the procedure, a hand-held probe moves over the gel-covered skin, transmitting sound waves and picking up the echoes to produce live images on a monitor.

The procedure of Breast Ultrasound:

Lump or abnormality evaluation: Differentiates between solid masses (potentially cancerous) and fluid-filled cysts (usually benign).

Diagnosis of complex cysts: Can be a guide for needle aspiration for the removal of fluid for further analysis.

Biopsy guidance: ultrasound can be used to precisely locate suspicious areas for tissue sampling

Advantages of Breast Ultrasound:
  1.  A painless and non-invasive procedure that does not use radiation.
  2.  Effective in the difference between solid and fluid-filled lumps.
  3.  Provides real-time visualization of the breast tissue.
Disadvantages of Breast Ultrasound:
  1. Not suitable for dense breasts, and may miss some abnormalities.
  2.  Relies on the expertise of the sonographer to interpret the results.
  3.  For early cancer detection, not a substitute for mammography.
Choosing the Right Test:

The decision to suggest a mammogram, ultrasound, or both depends on several factors, including your age, breast density, family history, and symptoms.

Finding Mammography and Ultrasound Facilities at Neptune Diagnostics Centre in Ghatkopar:

Look for reputed diagnostic centers in Ghatkopar. They offer both mammography and ultrasound services. If you are having a mammogram or breast biopsy, ask your doctor which X-ray is suitable.

Breast Biopsy Center in Ghatkopar:

If either a mammogram or ultrasound reveals a suspicious area, a breast biopsy might be recommended. During a biopsy, a small tissue sample is extracted for microscopic examination to definitively diagnose cancer or a benign condition. There are different types of breast biopsies, and your doctor will advise on the most suitable one based on your specific case.