If you suffer from migraines or have a family history of migraines, a headache specialist (neurologist) will most likely diagnose migraines depending on your medical history, symptoms, and a physical and neurological examination. In case you need to find out more about migraines, look below.
Migraine headaches are a symptom of migraine, which is a neurological disorder. Migraine headaches are linked to changes in the brain and genes, but doctors are not really sure what causes them. Migraine factors such as fatigue, harsh lights, and seasonal changes may also be passed down from your parents.
A migraine is considered to begin when overactive nerve cells send out various signals to the trigeminal nerve, which provides sensation to your head and face. This triggers the release of chemicals such as serotonin and calcitonin gene-related peptides (CGRP). CGRP causes blood vessels in the brain’s lining to expand. Neurotransmitters then induce pain and inflammation.
Migraine diagnosis and treatment
You should begin by seeing a medical professional. In some situations, you may need to see a neurologist (a doctor who specializes in nervous system diseases and disorders) for additional testing and treatment. A doctor will do the following tests during your migraine diagnosis:
- Assemble your medical records
- Request scans to rule out additional illnesses throughout an examination
Migraine treatment aims to alleviate symptoms and prevent attacks in the future. Migraine drugs come in a variety of forms. There are two types of medications used to treat migraines:
- Medication for pain relief
These medications often called acute or abortive treatment, are administered during migraine attacks and are intended to relieve symptoms.
- Medications for prevention.
To minimize the severity or frequency of migraines, these medications are used on a regular basis, often daily.
If you need a migraine diagnosis and treatment, reach out to Dr. Ankit Shah in Mumbai.